Pescada—Plagioscion squamosissimus—(Heckel, 1840)
This large, silvery predator is well distributed through-out the Amazon basin and in waters holding peacock bass, making them a good alternative target. They tend to occupy deeper, oxygenated waters, often near lagoon mouths and away from the littoral (shoreline) areas most frequented by peacocks.
|Bars and Markings||Colors||Size||Key Characters||Similar Species|
|Body relatively uniform and free of any clearly visible markings except for a large, black blotch at the base of the pectoral fin.||Reflective silver on lateral body, dorsally slightly darker. Abdomen lighter. Fins may have reddish cast||Adults: up to 15 lbs
|prominent lateral line
black mark at base of pectoral
|Several species of Plagioscon are found in the Amazon basin; however none reach the size of P. squamosissimus.|
|Known Range||Behavior Notes||Habitat||Common Names||IGFA records|
|Countries: Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Suriname, Guyana, Fr. Guiana
River Basins: Amazon, Orinoco, Parana, Sao Francisco and Guianas drainages
|Makes migrations which may combine feeding and spawning purposes. As with other Sciaenids (drums), can be heard making underwater sounds||Found in deeper waters within lowlands river systems and in slower waters and deep pools in high gradient rivers.||English: Silver Croaker
|11 lbs. 4 oz. - Caught by Russell Jensen on an Acute Angling trip
Relatively aggressive feeders, pescada will take a wide range of artificial lures, cut bait and live bait. In lowlands rivers, they can be targeted in lagoon mouths widely open to the river channel. Anglers usually access them with deeper running swimming plugs or lipless baits, such as rapalas, rattletraps, shad raps, jigs, etc.
In high gradient rivers, pescada will take CD 11 and CD 14 rapalas, spoons and even flies when fished deep in quiet pools. They are often caught on cut bait when fishing for catfish. A good fighter, they tend to run deep, rarely jumping. Pescada make delicious table fare.